Kamis, 29 April 2010

ELIPTICAL CONSTRUCTION

Eliptical Construction adalah suatu cara pengefektifan kalimat agar tidak mengulang dua pernyataan yang sifatnya sama.

Dalam bahasa Indonesia, misalnya:
Dian suka makan coklat
Rina suka makan coklat
Dua kalimat itu dapat diefektifkan dengan membuang bagian yang sama sehingga kalimatnya menjadi Dian suka makan coklat dan Rina juga.

Dalam bahasa Inggris, misalnya:
Dian likes eating chocolatos
Rina likes eating chocolatos
Dua kalimat itu dapat diefektifkan dengan membuang bagian yang sama sehingga kalimatnya menjadi, sebagai berikut:
Dian likes eating chocolatos and Rina does too.

Eliptical Construction memiliki dua pola utama, yaitu:
1. pola untuk kalimat positif ( memakai too/so)
a. subject 1 + verb + and + subject 2 + auxilaries/kata kerja bantu + too
b. subject 1 + verb + and + so + auxiliaries/kata kerja bantu + subject 2
example:
he wants to go there and she wants to go there
- he wants to go there and she does too
- he wants to go there and so does she
2. pola untuk kalimat negatif (memakai either/neither)
a. subject 1 + auxiliaries/kata kerja bantu + not + and + subject 2 + auxiliaries/kata kerja bantu + either
b. subject 1 + auxiliaries/kata kerja bantu + not + verbs + and + neither + auxiliaries + subject 2
example:
he doesn’t want to go there and she doesn’t want to go there
- he doesn’t want to go there and she doesn’t either
- he wants to go there and neither does she

Change the sentences below into eliptical sentences using too and so
1. Mary left right after lunch and John left right after lunch
2. She is going to the concert and he is going to the concert
3. Bobby will be here at ten o’clock and I will be here at ten o’clock
4. Their clock are fast and our clock are fast
5. You had breakfast with a fried-egg and he had breakfast with a fried-egg
6. He wanted to go to a movie and I wanted to go to a movie
7. She is making good progress in English and her brother is making good progress in English
8. Diana visited French and her boyfriend visited French
9. He saw that terrible accident and we saw the terrible accident
10. Jeff liked the movie and Donny liked the movie

Change the sentences below into eliptical sentences using either and neither
1. She can’t play tennis and I can’t play tennis
2. We don’t have a computer and they don’t have a computer
3. He wouldn’t never say such a thing and she wouldn’t never say such a thing
4. I couldn’t hear the speaker and my companion couldn’t hear the speaker
5. Your watch isn’t right and mine isn’t right
6. You won’t enjoy that movie and your wife won’t enjoy that movie
7. Mr. Black wasn’t at the meeting and Mr. White wasn’t at the meeting
8. He hasn’t ever been in Europe and I haven’t ever been in Europe
9. She won’t be here and her sister won’t be here
10. I can’t speak Mandarin and my brother can’t speak Mandarin

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